If Caught, Libya likely won’t Extradite Gaddafi

Jalil in London

Interim Libyan leader Jalil and UK PM Cameron. There has been more pressure on Libya to get those responsible for Yvonne Fletcher's murder extradited than to get Gaddafi, if captured, to the ICC (Photo: EPA)

In a recent comment, a reader of JiC sent me a link to a Guardian post entitled: Libya may refuse to extradite Yvonne Fletcher murder suspect. Some of the statements made in the piece by Libyan rebel officials may have major implications on whether Gaddafi, if captured, might ever reach The Hague.

For those who may not know, Yvonne Fletcher was a British police officer who was shot dead during a protest in 1984 outside of the Libyan embassy in London. Numerous groups had been hoping that, with the installation of the transitional government in Libya, her alleged murderer would be extradited to the UK to finally face justice. In the wake of Fletcher’s murder, the UK severed diplomatic relations with Libya.

So why is a piece on the extradition of Yvonne Fletcher’s murderer relevant to the Gaddafi case? Because of the following statement made by the interim justice minister in Libya’s governing National Transitional Council (NTC), Mohammed al-Alagi:

“We will not give any Libyan citizen to the west.”

Another member of the NTC, Hassan al-Sagheer, similarly declared:

“Libya has never extradited or handed over its citizens to a foreign country. We shall continue with this principle.”

In 1984, Yvonne Fletcher was shot dead during a protest outside of the Libyan embassy in London (Photo: Photograph: Mohamed Maklovf / Rex Features)

Those with a keen sense for irony will point out the rather awkward situation of Libya rejecting extradition of its own nationals, while demanding that neighbouring states return pro-Gaddafi nationals.

However, the statements above don’t necessarily mean that there is no way anyone – including Yvonne Fletcher’s killer – won’t be extradited, although they are indicative of the level of resistance among the rebel governors to handing over Libyan nationals. Yet another NTC member, Fawzi al-Ali, maintains that an individual can be extradited if a “special agreement” is reached to do so. In short, what this indicates is that there will have to be significant pressure and political will in order for anyone to be extradited to face justice – including Gaddafi.

Unfortunately, for those who would like to see Gaddafi tried in The Hague (as well as those, myself included, who would like to see an ICC trial in Libya), such pressure from states is virtually absent to date. During the early stages of the conflict, key international powers, including the US and the UK, professed the need for Gaddafi to face international justice. More recently, these states have done an about-face, arguing that justice for Gaddafi’s acts is entirely up to the Libyan people (read: the NTC).

Indeed, while Yvonne Fletcher’s murderer should certainly face justice – and the UK is right to press the NTC on the matter – there is more pressure to achieve justice for her death than for the alleged war crimes and crimes committed by Gaddafi against his own people. That says a lot.

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About Mark Kersten

Mark is a PhD student in International Relations at the London School of Economics. His work focuses on the nexus of international criminal justice and conflict resolution. Specifically, he is examining the effects of the ICC on peace processes and negotiations in northern Uganda and Libya.
This entry was posted in International Criminal Court (ICC), Libya, Libya and the ICC, The Tripoli Three (Tripoli3), United Kingdom, War crimes. Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to If Caught, Libya likely won’t Extradite Gaddafi

  1. Stan says:

    I can see how having Gaddafi tried in Libya would be a smart move towards establishing some kind of a global justice architecture. But I think it will not happen – the new Libyan government would certainly view it as giving up part of their sovereignty. It would also make the new gov’t prone to charges of kowtowing to the West – something they will work hard to avoid. So we have global rationality vs local politics – guess which one will win?

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